  ~/.ssh 
❯ paru -Ss openssh | rg install
core/openssh 8.8p1-1 [0B 5.90MiB] [Installed]

如果你最近升级到了 openssh 8.8-p1 版, 你会发现连接某些之前连接得好好的服务器突然无法连接:

Unable to negotiate with x.x.x.x port 2222: no matching host key type found. Their offer: ssh-rsa


ssh -o HostKeyAlgorithms=+ssh-rsa -o PubkeyAcceptedKeyTypes=+ssh-rsa  [email protected] -p 2222

当然, 每次连接敲这么一长串也不太好.

编辑用户 ssh 配置 ~/.ssh/config, 对于无法成功连接的host, 增加配置项:

  HostKeyAlgorithms         +ssh-rsa
  PubkeyAcceptedKeyTypes    +ssh-rsa


Host myhost
  User user001
  IdentityFile     ~/.ssh/id_rsa
  # fixup for openssh 8.8
  HostKeyAlgorithms +ssh-rsa
  PubkeyAcceptedKeyTypes +ssh-rsa


Host *
     ServerAliveInterval 10
      HostKeyAlgorithms +ssh-rsa
      PubkeyAcceptedKeyTypes +ssh-rsa


根据 OpenSSH Release Notes

Future deprecation notice

It is now possible[1] to perform chosen-prefix attacks against the SHA-1 algorithm for less than USD$50K.

In the SSH protocol, the “ssh-rsa” signature scheme uses the SHA-1 hash algorithm in conjunction with the RSA public key algorithm. OpenSSH will disable this signature scheme by default in the near future.

Note that the deactivation of “ssh-rsa” signatures does not necessarily require cessation of use for RSA keys. In the SSH protocol, keys may be capable of signing using multiple algorithms. In particular, “ssh-rsa” keys are capable of signing using “rsa-sha2-256” (RSA/SHA256), “rsa-sha2-512” (RSA/SHA512) and “ssh-rsa” (RSA/SHA1). Only the last of these is being turned off by default.

也就是说 8.8p1 版的 openssh 的 ssh 客户端默认禁用了 ssh-rsa 算法, 但是对方服务器只支持 ssh-rsa, 当你不能自己升级远程服务器的 openssh 版本或修改配置让它使用更安全的算法时, 在本地 ssh 针对这些旧的ssh server重新启用 ssh-rsa 也是一种权宜之法.